Communicable disease is defined as "illness due to a specific infectious agent or its toxic products that arises through transmission of that agent or its products from an infected person, animal, or reservoir to a susceptible host, either directly or indirectly through an intermediate plant or animal host, vector, or the inanimate environment." Communicable disease pathogens include bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites and prions.
Communicable diseases can have a significant impact on the population. The surveillance and control of such diseases is an important part of protecting the public's health. The Communicable Disease program primarily deals with infectious diseases that are reportable by law.
The program also deals with other communicable diseases of public health significance, such as:
For additional information please visit the NC Communicable Disease website.
The program responsibilities include:
Rabies is a vaccine preventable disease in humans, dogs, cats and ferrets as well as some domestic livestock. All mammals are susceptible to rabies and it is nearly always fatal. Rabies can be prevented in humans with timely and appropriate treatment. In North Carolina the disease most often occurs in wild animals especially skunks, raccoons, bats and foxes. Raccoon rabies is present in the raccoon population in virtually every North Carolina county. For additional information on Rabies please visit:
STD and HIV prevention and control services includes providing clinical services, education and awareness efforts and monitoring disease trends through surveillance and epidemiology. STD Clinic provides testing, treatment and education at no cost to the client for:
Our Immunization Clinic provides vaccines to people of all ages, including those traveling internationally. Public Health offers vaccines for preventable diseases to reduce the spread of vaccine-preventable diseases within Union County. The following vaccines are offered through our immunization clinic:
In addition to vaccines, Blood Titer testing is available for the following:
With the mission of public health to promote health, prevent disease and protect the community, International Travel Immunizations allow us to assist those traveling internationally the opportunity for disease protection. A Registered Nurse will review travel itinerary, provide immunization education and vaccination(s). A Vaccination record will be provided to you for your records.
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Fiscal Year 2016:
Fiscal Year 2015:
The goals of the monthly management reports are as follows:
Transparency: The information included in these reports reflects the cumulative financial transactions for the County through the month indicated. Additionally, there is analysis comparing this current year to prior years.
Communications: The reports provide a concise tool to communicate financial trends and interpretation of the financial data to the public and the county's policy makers. Additionally, the reports provide a means to generate conversation concerning the data. The trend data included in these reports serve to provide an indicator-based approach to reviewing the information. While trends vary from year to year, significantly differing trends are indicative of areas that may require additional analysis or review.
Sustainability: These reports support the Commission's goal of sustainability by providing a basis for policy decisions throughout the year. While historically the budget was primarily discussed during the budget-making process, through this report, the information will bridge the time between the budget processes.