Communicable disease is defined as "illness due to a specific infectious agent or its toxic products that arises through transmission of that agent or its products from an infected person, animal, or reservoir to a susceptible host, either directly or indirectly through an intermediate plant or animal host, vector, or the inanimate environment." Communicable disease pathogens include bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites and prions.
Communicable diseases can have a significant impact on the population. The surveillance and control of such diseases is an important part of protecting the public's health. The Communicable Disease program primarily deals with infectious diseases that are reportable by law.
The program also deals with other communicable diseases of public health significance, such as:
For additional information please visit the NC Communicable Disease website.
The program responsibilities include:
Rabies is a vaccine preventable disease in humans, dogs, cats and ferrets as well as some domestic livestock. All mammals are susceptible to rabies and it is nearly always fatal. Rabies can be prevented in humans with timely and appropriate treatment. In North Carolina the disease most often occurs in wild animals especially skunks, raccoons, bats and foxes. Raccoon rabies is present in the raccoon population in virtually every North Carolina county. For additional information on Rabies please visit:
STD and HIV prevention and control services includes providing clinical services, education and awareness efforts and monitoring disease trends through surveillance and epidemiology. STD Clinic provides testing, treatment and education at no cost to the client for:
Our Immunization Clinic provides vaccines to people of all ages, including those traveling internationally. Public Health offers vaccines for preventable diseases to reduce the spread of vaccine-preventable diseases within Union County. The following vaccines are offered through our immunization clinic:
In addition to vaccines, Blood Titer testing is available for the following:
With the mission of public health to promote health, prevent disease and protect the community, International Travel Immunizations allow us to assist those traveling internationally the opportunity for disease protection. A Registered Nurse will review travel itinerary, provide immunization education and vaccination(s). A Vaccination record will be provided to you for your records.
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Performance Guarantee Review Application
The Union County On-site wastewater / septic program performs site evaluations, issues permits and inspects existing systems to protect the public health of Union County. By performing these duties, we help ensure the proper completion of construction, design and monitoring of septic systems.
The soil is evaluated to determine the suitability for an on-site wastewater / septic system. A soil evaluation is required for any new construction and for any existing properties that may be adding to the existing building / house.
The Construction Authorizatoin is the septic permit required prior to any constructoin.
These inspections are made by request only. These inspections are required prior to any new construction on a property with an existing septic system. This includes garages, swimming pools, irrigation systems, attachments to existing buildings, etc.
A request is made by the homeowner, or representative thereof, for a repair to be made to a malfunctioning system. A site visit is made by the Environmental Health Specialist to assess the situation and to make recommendations, prior to issuing a repair permit. There is no fee for a repair inspection or a repair permit.
The maintenance program is a State mandated program that specifies inspection frequencies for specific types of on-site wastewater / septic systems. Low Pressure Pipe (LPP), Pre-treatment, and pump systems are examples of systems which must be inspected.
For LPP systems and pre-treatment systems, there is a homeowner’s guide, a certified operator list, and a sample inspection sheet available under the “Rules & Guides” section.
The following is an outline of our process to obtain a septic permit:
In an effort to protect public health and to responsibly develop the groundwater resources of Union County, the Union County Health Department, Environmental Health Division has implemented a program for the permitting, inspection and water quality analysis for all new private drinking water wells and irrigation wells. This program shall adhere to all regulations set forth in 15A NCAC 02C .0300, and the Union County Health Department Regulations Governing the Permitting, Construction, Inspection, Repair, Abandonment and Water Quality Testing of Irrigation Wells in Union County.
A well permit is required for: Private drinking wells, Irrigation wells, Water producing geothermal wells and Well repairs*.
To obtain a well permit:
*No fee is required for a well repair permit. Any well application for a parcel which is served by public sewer or water shall be reviewed by Union County Public Works. All wells applied for in the City of Monroe shall have approval from the Monroe Water Resources Department. This generally increases the permit preparation time by seven days or longer.
How to apply for water quality testing sample: Complete a Request Form and mail appropriate fee(s) to the Environmental Health Office. Sampling is generally scheduled within five working days.
Available Water Quality Tests:
*Inorganic test kit $60 (Inorganic test kit must be picked up at Environmental Health Office).
Bacteria test results will be mailed to you. If you would like to view or print a copy of your water sample test results (non-bacterial), please visit the North Carolina Laboratory of Public Health website for; Inorganic/Nitrates Results , Petroleum/Pesticides Results. Scroll down the page and click on inorganic or organic sample test results, enter Union County Environmental Health under counties, and follow directions.
For information regarding contaminants and minerals in your drinking water, please visit the EPA’s website.
The On-Site Water Protection Section of the Division of Environmental Health is committed to protecting the environment and promoting public health. This is accomplished by having a dedicated staff of environmental health specialists who carry out the following responsibilities:
The overall goal for the On-Site Water Protection Section is to provide a resource for the citizens of Union County for education and consultation regarding public health issues.
Vector: Union County currently does not have any vector control ordinances. However, we do offer assistance through educational materials and on-site visits, as needed.
West Nile virus: North Carolina and Union County have had positive cases of West Nile virus. At this time, the State Laboratory of Public Health has discontinued the testing of dead birds for West Nile virus. As a resident of Union County, you should assume the West Nile virus is present and all necessary precautions should be taken.
Permits are issued by the On-site Water Protection Program for the installation of new drinking and irrigation wells or for the repair of existing wells. Inspections of well installations and well water sampling are also conducted. Water samples can be tested for the following: bacteria, petroleum pesticides, herbicides, nitrates/nitrates and inorganics. The inorganic test includes evaluation for: pH, alkalinity, fluoride, chloride, calcium, magnesium, total hardness, manganese, lead, arsenic, copper, iron and zinc.
Environmental Health Supervisor
If you have a concern about an Environmental Health issue, please use the following link to request a follow-up.
The On-site Water Protection Program serves the community through the protection of surface and ground water supplies. Program staff educate citizens on water quality, contaminant issues and waterborne diseases. Environmental Health Specialists conduct soil and site evaluations to determine suitability for septic systems on both residential and commercial properties. This program is responsible for the design, permitting and inspection of new systems and the repair of existing sewage disposal systems. Other duties include responding to citizen complaints and performing existing system inspections. Existing system inspections are performed for homeowners who are constructing additions to their home including: bedrooms, decks, porches, detached buildings, swimming pools or rooms outside the existing foundation.