Communicable disease is defined as "illness due to a specific infectious agent or its toxic products that arises through transmission of that agent or its products from an infected person, animal, or reservoir to a susceptible host, either directly or indirectly through an intermediate plant or animal host, vector, or the inanimate environment." Communicable disease pathogens include bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites and prions.
Communicable diseases can have a significant impact on the population. The surveillance and control of such diseases is an important part of protecting the public's health. The Communicable Disease program primarily deals with infectious diseases that are reportable by law.
The program also deals with other communicable diseases of public health significance, such as:
For additional information please visit the NC Communicable Disease website.
The program responsibilities include:
Rabies is a vaccine preventable disease in humans, dogs, cats and ferrets as well as some domestic livestock. All mammals are susceptible to rabies and it is nearly always fatal. Rabies can be prevented in humans with timely and appropriate treatment. In North Carolina the disease most often occurs in wild animals especially skunks, raccoons, bats and foxes. Raccoon rabies is present in the raccoon population in virtually every North Carolina county. For additional information on Rabies please visit:
STD and HIV prevention and control services includes providing clinical services, education and awareness efforts and monitoring disease trends through surveillance and epidemiology. STD Clinic provides testing, treatment and education at no cost to the client for:
Our Immunization Clinic provides vaccines to people of all ages, including those traveling internationally. Public Health offers vaccines for preventable diseases to reduce the spread of vaccine-preventable diseases within Union County. The following vaccines are offered through our immunization clinic:
In addition to vaccines, Blood Titer testing is available for the following:
With the mission of public health to promote health, prevent disease and protect the community, International Travel Immunizations allow us to assist those traveling internationally the opportunity for disease protection. A Registered Nurse will review travel itinerary, provide immunization education and vaccination(s). A Vaccination record will be provided to you for your records.
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Performance Guarantee Review Application
This outline is a guide to the three major phases for the major subdivision process and corresponds with Union County’s Land Use Ordinance.
The purpose of this meeting is to provide an early opportunity for county staff and applicants to discuss the procedures, standards and regulations required for development under the Development Ordinance. It also provides an early opportunity for staff and applicants to discuss proposed development plans and how they comply with adopted county plans.
The sketch plan should provide enough information for county staff to gain a good understanding of the overall development. Items should include proposed property lines, proposed streets and street right-of-way, zoning information, floodplain information, stream buffer information, etc. For projects on County water and/or sewer the sketch plan should also comply with the Union County Water and Sewer Extension Ordinance.
Agencies involved with this review include:
The preliminary plan stage is the construction documents review stage. This is where water and sewer line details, road profiles, tree surveys, soil evaluations, etc. are reviewed in detail to ensure that they comply with local, state and/or federal standards. When preliminary plan approval is given construction activity on infrastructure and general site work can commence. Agencies involved with this review include:
The final plat is the document that is recorded in the Register of Deeds office that officially creates the new lots in the development. Before a final plat can be recorded a review of the plat must take place to make sure it complies with the approved preliminary plan. Also, any required infrastructure or other required site features must be either installed and approved by the respective agency or a performance guarantee equal to 125% of the cost must be established. Once the final plat is recorded building permits may be obtained to construct houses.
These devices allow the final plat to be recorded and building permits issued for houses prior to all the infrastructure and other required site features being installed and approved. The performance guarantee must be equal to 125% of the total cost of all incomplete construction. The amount of the guarantee must be reviewed and approved by county staff prior to the posting of the device. When infrastructure is installed and approved the applicant can request that the performance guarantee be reduced or released. Once staff has verified that the infrastructure and/or other required site features are installed per the approved plans then the guarantee will be released.