Communicable disease is defined as "illness due to a specific infectious agent or its toxic products that arises through transmission of that agent or its products from an infected person, animal, or reservoir to a susceptible host, either directly or indirectly through an intermediate plant or animal host, vector, or the inanimate environment." Communicable disease pathogens include bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites and prions.
Communicable diseases can have a significant impact on the population. The surveillance and control of such diseases is an important part of protecting the public's health. The Communicable Disease program primarily deals with infectious diseases that are reportable by law.
The program also deals with other communicable diseases of public health significance, such as:
For additional information please visit the NC Communicable Disease website.
The program responsibilities include:
Rabies is a vaccine preventable disease in humans, dogs, cats and ferrets as well as some domestic livestock. All mammals are susceptible to rabies and it is nearly always fatal. Rabies can be prevented in humans with timely and appropriate treatment. In North Carolina the disease most often occurs in wild animals especially skunks, raccoons, bats and foxes. Raccoon rabies is present in the raccoon population in virtually every North Carolina county. For additional information on Rabies please visit:
STD and HIV prevention and control services includes providing clinical services, education and awareness efforts and monitoring disease trends through surveillance and epidemiology. STD Clinic provides testing, treatment and education at no cost to the client for:
Our Immunization Clinic provides vaccines to people of all ages, including those traveling internationally. Public Health offers vaccines for preventable diseases to reduce the spread of vaccine-preventable diseases within Union County. The following vaccines are offered through our immunization clinic:
In addition to vaccines, Blood Titer testing is available for the following:
With the mission of public health to promote health, prevent disease and protect the community, International Travel Immunizations allow us to assist those traveling internationally the opportunity for disease protection. A Registered Nurse will review travel itinerary, provide immunization education and vaccination(s). A Vaccination record will be provided to you for your records.
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Crime Prevention Tips
Every 17 seconds, a violent crime - murder, rape, robbery or assault - is reported to law enforcement somewhere in this country. And fewer than half the violent crimes that take place actually get reported. Nationally, more than 5,000 children are victims of violent crime each day. Somebody's child. Maybe a child you love.
People in even the toughest circumstance have turned the tables on violent crime and created safer neighborhoods and schools. You can, too, by protecting yourself and your children and getting involved in the community. Violence ruins individual lives, tears apart the fabric of our communities and makes the costs of law enforcement and emergency care soar.
Many calls to 911 can be traced back to signs of trouble, trouble that was allowed to continue: the rape that could have been prevented by better street lights, the domestic violence that could have been deterred by family counseling, a child brutally bullied who could have been protected by a concerned parent; a rash of burglaries that could have been prevented by an active community watch program. Creating a community that will not tolerate violent crime means bringing together vision, energy, confidence and commitment.
You need to reduce your family's risk of becoming crime victims. In order to go to work, attend school or church, or get together with friends, with reasonable safety, you need a neighborhood - not just a home - that's secure against crime. Your goal must be to build a strong community in which kids can be kids and adults can freely participate in neighborhood activities. What can you do? Here are specific ways to strengthen your community and stop the violence. Some can be done right away. Others take time. Some don't require any help, while others require advice or help from others.
For specific prevention tips, read the Crime Prevention Tips PDF linked above.