Communicable disease is defined as "illness due to a specific infectious agent or its toxic products that arises through transmission of that agent or its products from an infected person, animal, or reservoir to a susceptible host, either directly or indirectly through an intermediate plant or animal host, vector, or the inanimate environment." Communicable disease pathogens include bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites and prions.
Communicable diseases can have a significant impact on the population. The surveillance and control of such diseases is an important part of protecting the public's health. The Communicable Disease program primarily deals with infectious diseases that are reportable by law.
The program also deals with other communicable diseases of public health significance, such as:
For additional information please visit the NC Communicable Disease website.
The program responsibilities include:
Rabies is a vaccine preventable disease in humans, dogs, cats and ferrets as well as some domestic livestock. All mammals are susceptible to rabies and it is nearly always fatal. Rabies can be prevented in humans with timely and appropriate treatment. In North Carolina the disease most often occurs in wild animals especially skunks, raccoons, bats and foxes. Raccoon rabies is present in the raccoon population in virtually every North Carolina county. For additional information on Rabies please visit:
STD and HIV prevention and control services includes providing clinical services, education and awareness efforts and monitoring disease trends through surveillance and epidemiology. STD Clinic provides testing, treatment and education at no cost to the client for:
Our Immunization Clinic provides vaccines to people of all ages, including those traveling internationally. Public Health offers vaccines for preventable diseases to reduce the spread of vaccine-preventable diseases within Union County. The following vaccines are offered through our immunization clinic:
In addition to vaccines, Blood Titer testing is available for the following:
With the mission of public health to promote health, prevent disease and protect the community, International Travel Immunizations allow us to assist those traveling internationally the opportunity for disease protection. A Registered Nurse will review travel itinerary, provide immunization education and vaccination(s). A Vaccination record will be provided to you for your records.
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Union County maintains a Water Use Ordinance which regulates how water may be used by Union County Water Customers. These normal regulations include a limit on spray irrigation to a maximum of three days per week, as assigned by billing cycle. In addition to these regulations, additional restrictions may be imposed due to water shortages. There are currently no additional restrictions in place due to drought.
Adopted by the Board of County Commissioners on May 4, 2015, the Water Use Ordinance maintains and protects the public health, safety and welfare by establishing long-term demand management strategies to effectively manage a limited resource by requiring efficient and responsible use of water within Union County. As a public owned water system, Union County has a statutory requirement to have an approved Water Shortage Response Plan.
Water conservation inside your home...
Check faucets and pipes for leaks
A small drip from a
worn faucet washer can waste several gallons of water per day. Larger leaks can
waste hundreds of gallons. Have them repaired immediately.
Check your toilets for leaks
Put a little food coloring in your toilet tank. If, without flushing, the color begins to appear in the bowl within 30 minutes, you have a leak that should be repaired immediately.
Take shorter showers
One way to cut down on water use is to turn off the shower after soaping up, then turn it back on to rinse.
Turn off the faucet
When lathering hands, shaving or brushing teeth.
Use your dishwasher
and washing machine for only full loads
Automatic dishwashers and clothes washers should be fully loaded for optimum water conservation.
Water conservation in the yard and garden...
Put a layer of mulch around trees and plants
Mulch will slow evaporation of moisture while discouraging weed growth. Adding 2 - 4 inches of organic material such as compost or bark mulch will increase the ability of the soil to retain moisture.
Don't drown your lawn
The greatest waste of water comes from applying too much, too often to your lawn -- much of the water is never absorbed. Your lawn needs about an inch of water per week. To help gauge that, place a tuna can in each irrigation zone and then run your system until you get an inch (or fraction thereof depending on the number of times you irrigate weekly) to properly set your sprinklers.
Watch the clock
Water between 12 a.m. and 8 a.m. -- when the sun is low, winds are calm and temperatures are cool. Mid-day watering tends to be less efficient because of water loss due to evaporation.
Divide by zones
Different plants need different amounts of water. Divide your yard and landscape areas into separate irrigation zones so that grass can be watered separately and more frequently than groundcovers, shrubs and trees.
Water only things that grow
If you have an underground sprinkler system, make sure the sprinkler heads are adjusted properly to avoid watering sidewalks and driveways. A properly adjusted sprinkler head should spray large droplets of water instead of a fine mist to minimize evaporation and wind drift.
Do routine inspections
Since lawns and gardens should be watered in the early morning hours, a problem may not be discovered until it is too late. Periodically check your sprinklers to make sure everything is working properly. A clogged head, broken fixture, or torn line can wreak havoc on your landscape and water bill.
Be rain smart
Adjust your irrigation system as the seasons and weather change. Or better yet, install a shut-off device that automatically detects rain or moisture. These devices are inexpensive and enable you to take advantage of the water without having paying for it.
Plant local, drought-resistant plants and shrubs that can sustain heat and require less watering.
Department phone: 704-296-4210