Communicable disease is defined as "illness due to a specific infectious agent or its toxic products that arises through transmission of that agent or its products from an infected person, animal, or reservoir to a susceptible host, either directly or indirectly through an intermediate plant or animal host, vector, or the inanimate environment." Communicable disease pathogens include bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites and prions.
Communicable diseases can have a significant impact on the population. The surveillance and control of such diseases is an important part of protecting the public's health. The Communicable Disease program primarily deals with infectious diseases that are reportable by law.
The program also deals with other communicable diseases of public health significance, such as:
For additional information please visit the NC Communicable Disease website.
The program responsibilities include:
Rabies is a vaccine preventable disease in humans, dogs, cats and ferrets as well as some domestic livestock. All mammals are susceptible to rabies and it is nearly always fatal. Rabies can be prevented in humans with timely and appropriate treatment. In North Carolina the disease most often occurs in wild animals especially skunks, raccoons, bats and foxes. Raccoon rabies is present in the raccoon population in virtually every North Carolina county. For additional information on Rabies please visit:
STD and HIV prevention and control services includes providing clinical services, education and awareness efforts and monitoring disease trends through surveillance and epidemiology. STD Clinic provides testing, treatment and education at no cost to the client for:
Our Immunization Clinic provides vaccines to people of all ages, including those traveling internationally. Public Health offers vaccines for preventable diseases to reduce the spread of vaccine-preventable diseases within Union County. The following vaccines are offered through our immunization clinic:
In addition to vaccines, Blood Titer testing is available for the following:
With the mission of public health to promote health, prevent disease and protect the community, International Travel Immunizations allow us to assist those traveling internationally the opportunity for disease protection. A Registered Nurse will review travel itinerary, provide immunization education and vaccination(s). A Vaccination record will be provided to you for your records.
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Union County is currently in Stage 0 Water Shortage. In this stage, our customers (residential and commercial) are limited to a maximum of three irrigation days per week. However, we’re hoping that you can voluntarily take additional measures to help strengthen our water supply. Below are a few recommendations:
Our usable water supply is finite (we do not have an endless supply) which means that water conservation is not a job that is reserved solely for scientists — instead it is up to each and every one of us to save water. Some of the reasons we should work to conserve water include:
If customers are able to reduce their water needs, that results in a cost savings for future infrastructure by either reducing the size of facilities needed or delaying when they’re needed. This potential cost savings gets passed to all customers in the form of lower rates.
By reducing the amount of water we use and waste, we can better help against future drought years. Even though our need for fresh water sources is always increasing (because of population and industry growth), the supply we have stays constant. This is due to the fact that even though water eventually returns to Earth through the water cycle, it's not always returned to the same spot, or in the same quantity and quality.
Reducing our use of water reduces the energy required to process and deliver it to homes, business, farms and communities, which in turn helps to reduce pollution and conserve fuel resources.
It's not just swimming pools, spas and golf courses that we have to think about. Much of our freshwater resources are also used for beautifying our surroundings -- watering lawns, trees, flower, and vegetable gardens, as well as washing cars and filling public fountains at parks. Failing to conserve water now can mean losing out on such fun and beautiful uses later on.
Firefighters, hospitals, gas stations, street cleaners, health clubs, gyms, and restaurants all require large amounts of water to provide services to the community. Reducing our usage of water now means that these services can continue to be provided.
Water conservation requires forethought and effort, but every little bit helps, so don't think that what you do does not matter. We must all make changes in our lifestyles that will change the course of our water usage, conserve its quality and make conservation a way of life — not just something we think about once in a while.